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|Título :||Global Warming and Urban Heat Island in South-America: Estimating the impact on the thermal demand of residential buildings in the Pacific coastal cities by simulations studies in Chile, Peru and Ecuador.|
|Autor :||Palme, Massimo|
|Palabras clave :||GLOBAL WARMING;URBAN HEAT ISLAND;SOUTH-AMERICA|
|Fecha de publicación :||2016|
|Citación :||Palme,M; Carrasco, C; Lobato, A. (2016). Global Warming and Urban Heat Island in South-America: Estimating the impact on the thermal demand of residential buildings in the Pacific coastal cities by simulations studies in Chile, Peru and Ecuador. 32th International Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture Cities, Buildings, People: Towards Regenerative Environments. Estados Unidos.|
|Resumen :||Under climate change conditions, it is expected that the cooling demand of buildings will increase drastically in many regions of the world. However, most of the mitigation policies recently developed (or under development) in South-America only considers heating demand reduction as a strategy to improve the building sector efficiency. This work uses IPCC data and the Urban Weather Generator tool to simulate the future performance of residential buildings in coastal locations of Chile, Peru and Ecuador. Three building typologies are tested: small family houses, medium size blocks of apartments and tall residential buildings. Future climate predictions of IPCC are inserted into hourly weather files to be used in building performance simulations by using Meteonorm (v.7) and then the UWG tool is used to generate the urban environment. Finally, building performance simulation is conducted by using TRNSYS 17 tool for multizone buildings. Results confirm the hypothesis that in the future the cooling demand will be higher than the heating demand in analysed cities. Consequently, local policies for building sector energy efficiency should be reconsidered, including passive cooling strategies at both building and district level.|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||Proyecto Prometeo|
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